Modern Lifestyle Leading to anIncrease in PCOS Cases

Modern Lifestyle Leading to anIncrease in PCOS Cases

With mounting stress and lifestylechanges, more women are falling prey to the menace of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), say experts.

Most of us are aware that sitting throughout the day, staying awake till late night and consuming junk food,leadsto a whole range of lifestyle disorders; from obesity, neck and backaches to even heart problems. For women, the list has an additional unwelcomed guest, menstrual irregularities, which has become a common problem.

That is what happened with Ms. Amrita, a 25-year old- software professional. Her hectic schedule didn’t allow her to pay attention to the changes in her menstrual cycle.She noticed itonly when her friends drew her attention toa sudden increase in her weight, pimples and growth of hair on the face, and suggested her to visit a doctor. On consultation with aGynaecologist, she was diagnosed with PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome).

PCOS is one of the most common endocrine problems in women of reproductive age with a multi-factorial etiology. According to estimates, PCOS affects 6-25% of Indian women of reproductive age.1 In fact, approximately 75% of women who suffer from infertility (inability to get pregnant) due to lack of ovulation, also suffer from PCOS.1

Stressful work schedules, inadequate exercise, improper diet and sedentary lifestyle cause hormonal imbalance, leading to signs & symptoms of PCOS.

Dr.Varsha Jain says, “If you are a woman in your twenties and have noticed signs like abnormal facial hair growth, irregular menstrual cycle, tiredness, thinning hair, rise in abdominal obesity, pimples and depression, then it is time to get yourself checked for PCOS.”

PCOS is not only about the woman suffering from the disorder.Sistersand daughters of PCOS women should also be examined for the same. Also, brothers and sons of PCOS women should be checked for metabolic disorders like hypertension, diabetes, etc.

According to data published in National &International guidelines, it has been found that many women with PCOS may suffer from long-term complications such as diabetes, hypertension, cardiac disorder and changes in cholesterol levels. Irregular menses may also be a risk factor for endometrial cancer.